Microalgae usually live in salty and fresh water, and we can divide them in two groups. The first one contains prokaryote organisms such as spirulina that is actually a cyanobacteria even though it is commonly referred as a microalga. The second group contains photosynthetic eukaryotes which are like terrestrial plants because they have chloroplasts and nuclei in them. The difference between terrestrial plants and microalgae is that microalgae can produce more biomass thanks to their ability to use a highly quantity of sun light and carbon dioxide. This is the reason why microalgae have been used in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.
This alga is considered a superfood because it contains a high percentage of proteins, essential amino acids such as phosphorus, magnesium and selenium, and a particular substance called CGF (Chlorella Growth Factor). CGF is contained in the nucleus of every chlorella’ cell and it is produced during photosynthesis. It is the direct responsible for the rapid growth of chlorella and it can regenerate the damaged tissue of the human body. More recent studies showed how CGF can help patients who suffers oncological pathologies and are under cure against cancer. In these cases, it is better to consult with a doctor or a pharmacist.
Chlorella is considered one of the organisms with the highest amount of chlorophyll which has a detoxifying effect on the human body. It is perfect for those cases in which the liver needs support in its detoxifying process because of a wrong alimentation or because it needs some help to eliminate molecules of pesticides used on fruits and vegetables.
This small green alga is useful also to regulate the levels of blood glucose and glycation, that might cause diabetic complications. Thanks to the Omega3, Omega6 and Omega9 contained, chlorella has a good impact on cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Magnesium helps woman during the menopause.
Dr. Fabrizio Ferretti